In addition, dogs are animals with four legs, that are mostly kept by people as a pet or for purposes of guarding. Moreover, the first domesticated animal in the animal species are dogs, and have been reared by humans for quite a long period. Universally, dogs are born in different colors, and as they grow they possess different shape and size, however, these dogs perform roles which are common to all dogs, these include, providing security, pulling loads, hunting and herding. Over times, some dogs species have been used to perform specialized duties such as providing military companionship, assisting the physically disabled people as well as offering therapeutic duties. The most common types of dogs include, guard dogs, working dogs, hunting dogs, companion dogs, and herding dogs.
In the event that one owns a dog, it is advisable that he/she teach the dog the basic commands of dog training, these are sit, come, down, stay, and leave it command . For instance the sit command is considered to be the easiest dog respect commands to teach, therefore, it is essential, to begin with. A dog is mostly trained how to sit when it is about to take a meal, the training involves, holding the food close to the dog’s nose, then moving the hand upward and allowing the dog`s head to follow the food causing its back to move downwards, once the dog is in a sitting position, the instructor needs to say sit. Once the dog has mastered the sit command, the owner needs to train the dog to sit before mealtime, when leaving for walks, and during situations that the owner would like the dog to calm and seated.
Moreover, when one wants to train a dog the down command, they need to follow the following steps, these include looking for a good smelling food and holding it tight in their hand closer to the dog`s nose to ensure that the dog sniffs it, then one needs to move their hand to the floor so that the dog follow, once the dog`s` head is on the floor, one needs to slide their hand along the ground in front of the dog so as to encourage the dog`s` body to move forward and follow its head, once the dog is in a down position, the owner need to say down and the give the dog the food.
The stay command should be initiated when a dog has perfectly learned the sit command, these steps involved in the stay command include, asking the dog to sit, this is followed by opening palm of their hand in front of the dog and then say stay, then take a few steps back and give the dog food if it stays. It is believed that the leave it command protects a dog from harm that can be caused by the dog`s act of smelling substances that might harm him or her.